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看律政剧必备的法庭词汇(1)

 经常看英美剧的同学,大概每个人的关注剧中都有一两部是律政题材的吧?像《诉讼双雄》(Suits)、《风骚律师》(Better Call Saul)、《皇家律师》(Silk),以及最新的《美国犯罪故事》(American Crime Story)等。看剧中人物在法庭上唇枪舌战固然精彩,不过,有些法庭用语大家都能明白吗?

我们最近就会推出法庭常用词汇系列,为大家拓展一下词汇量,就算不看美剧,多学点单词也是极好的啊!

看律政剧必备的法庭词汇(1)

Terms Commonly Used in Court Part 1
法庭常用词汇(1)

Accused 被告

例句:

The fifteen accused, young men from different parts of England, denied the charges.
被告是15名来自英格兰各地的年轻男子,他们对指控矢口否认。

Action 诉讼

例句:

Two leading law firms are to prepare legal actions against tobacco companies.
两家很有名的律师事务所准备向烟草公司提起诉讼。

Adjudicate 裁决

例句:

The international court of justice might be a suitable place to adjudicate claims.
国际法庭或许是对所有权作出裁决的合适之地。

Adjourn (使)休庭

例句:

The court may not adjourn until three or even later.
法庭要到3点或更晚时才会休庭。

Affidavit 宣誓证言

例句:

The lawyer invited his client to subscribe the affidavit.
律师请他的客户在宣誓证言上签了名。

Appeal 上诉

例句:

We intend to appeal the verdict.
我们打算对裁决提出上诉。

看律政剧必备的法庭词汇(1)

Bail 保释

例句:

He was yesterday given bail by South Yorkshire magistrates.
昨天南约克郡法院准予他获得保释。

Civil action 民事诉讼

例句:

She brought a civil action against one of her neighbours.
她对她的一个邻居提出民事诉讼。

Contempt of court 藐视法庭

例句:

He faced imprisonment for contempt of court.
他因藐视法庭面临监禁。

Continuance 诉讼延期

例句:

His attorney succeeds in getting a one month continuance.
他的律师成功申请到诉讼延期1个月。

Convict 定罪

例句:

That jury will never convict me.
陪审团才不会给我定罪。

Counterclaim 反诉

例句:

The producers filed a counterclaim asserting the copyright claims were baseless.

制作人团队提起反诉,声称版权诉讼毫无根据。

Court order 法庭指令

例句:

She has decided not to appeal against a court order banning her from keeping animals.
对于法院禁止她饲养动物的指令,她决定不再上诉。

Cross-examination 交叉讯问

例句:

The witness tripped up rather badly under close cross-examination.
这个证人在严密的交叉盘问之下破绽百出。

Custody 羁押,拘留

例句:

Two more suspects have now been taken into custody.
又有两个嫌疑人被拘留了。

Damages 损害赔偿

例句:

A High Court judge had awarded him £6 million damages.
高级法院法官裁定他获得600万英镑的损失赔偿金。

Defendant 被告

例句:

The defence pleaded insanity, but the defendant was found guilty and sentenced.
辩方以精神错乱为由进行申辩,但被告被判有罪并获刑。

Dismissal (案件)驳回(动词为dismiss)

例句:

The judge announced the dismissal of the case.
法官宣布驳回该案。

Evidence 证据,证物,证词

例句:

The forensic scientists who carried out the original tests will be called to give evidence.
进行最初化验的法医学家将被传唤到庭作证。

Felony 重罪

例句:

Every defendant charged with a felony has a right to be charged by the Grand Jury.
重罪案被告都有权由大陪审团审理。

Forfeiture 没收(财产等)

例句:

The forfeiture of illegally obtained profits is part of the penalty.
没收非法获利是处罚的一部分。

Guilty 有罪的

例句:

Four men were found guilty of breach of the peace.
四名男子被判扰乱治安罪名成立。

未完待续(To be continued)


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